Water quality monitoring
The physical, chemical, biological, and radiological characteristic of water is refer as a water quality. It is a measure of the condition of water relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose. Indicators of water quality are most frequently used to compare reference to a set of standards. pH, Temperature, acidity, solubility is some of the water quality parameters that are used. UIZ helps to collect and examine the sample in order to find out the current state of art of the water quality.
Water quality monitoring network optimization
Information about the properties and behavior of groundwater systems is required for strategic planning and operations in groundwater management. Multiobjective groundwater long-term monitoring (LTM) is required to assess the performance of groundwater remediation and the human health risk at sites with severe groundwater contaminations. To have effective groundwater monitoring strategies in 2.5D and 3D environment, groundwater monitoring network optimization is required to answer two questions: given an existing LTM network,
- 1. What, where, and when should groundwater be monitored, based on statistical, geostatistical, and hydrogeological methods?
- 2. How are groundwater monitoring network optimization methods dependent upon site specific and methods specific parameters?
- 3. How can inter connecting statistical, geostatistical, and hydrogeological methods be integrated for better optimization of the monitoring network?
Spatial optimization of monitoring network
- 4. How can unmonitored concentrations be incorporated at different potential monitoring locations during the monitoring network optimization?
- 5. What would be the best spatiotemporal optimized monitoring network in a test study area, using new and improved methods?
In order to improve groundwater monitoring strategies, improving groundwater monitoring networks is necessary as they are an important component of the groundwater monitoring framework. UIZ integrates statistical, geostatistical, and hydrogeological methods for spatiotemporal optimization of a groundwater monitoring network considering aquifer hydrogeological layers without losing any essential information from the monitoring network. In case studies, it has been observed that the monitoring network optimization.
As improvements to groundwater monitoring strategies are the key to groundwater resource management, the integrated methods to optimize and evaluate the monitoring network will enhance the performance of the water management system. The integrated methods are useful for monitoring networks that are both too dense and not dense enough. In developing countries, where inadequate financial resources are the reason for insufficiently dense monitoring networks, the integrated methods could be used to find redundancy in the existing monitoring network along with identifying recommended locations for new monitoring wells. In contrast, in developed countries, the integrated methods can be applied to reduce the density of monitoring wells without losing valuable information from the monitoring network.
For more information about the methods and case studies, please